The conference parallel sessions will feature lectures, symposia, posters, case studies and workshops on the following sub-themes.

  1. Exploring diversity in philosophical approaches on CECs
    A variety of theoretical foundations form the basis for decision-making in clinical ethics and on clinical ethics committees. These include African Philosophy including Ubuntu, Confucian Ethics, Islamic Ethics, Vedanta and others. Diversity is a hallmark of clinical ethics committee membership and therefore impacts on deliberation. How do CECs incorporate philosophical diversity in decision-making?
  2. Origins and Migration
    Africa is a point of origin in human evolution from which various migration paths followed – rich genetic diversity is linked to this origin. Migration continues today with resultant cultural pluralism and ethical dilemmas arising in healthcare of migrant populations globally. Consequently conflicts may arise between Western allopathic healthcare, alternate and traditional systems of healing and may be referred to CECs.
  3. Clinical Ethics, the law and society
    CEC consultation often occurs within hospitals/clinics/hospice settings with conversations between patients, healthcare teams and CEC members. In the context of rising litigation in healthcare, how can we extend the discourse beyond these borders to engage civil society in an attempt to deliberate on ethical dilemmas in healthcare before they are escalated to the legal system? Are CEC members liable in medical litigation when advice has been provided?
  4. Beginning and end of life conflicts and cultural pluralism
    Cultural contexts impact on decision-making at the extremes of life in different global contexts. How do CECs engage in such decision-making in different global contexts? Definitions of life and death have become more diffuse in recent times. Termination of pregnancy and euthanasia are common referrals to CECs. How do these referrals play out across geographical and other borders?
  5. Emerging technologies and Clinical Ethics
    CECs must increasingly deal with new challenges in digital medicine, precision medicine, innovation and disruption in healthcare. Mobile health apps are used in healthcare and by patients. Other mobile technologies like Whatsapp are increasingly being used to communicate with patients and about patients. Are CECs adequately prepared for the 4th industrial revolution in healthcare?
  6. Clinical ethics dilemmas across gender boundaries
    Gender includes several additional categories that transcend the traditional distinction between male and female. This is of relevance in various clinical contexts and has application to medical procedures such as gender re-assignment surgery as well as hormonal manipulation. Healthcare professionals and CECs often manage such dilemmas.